Category: Christianity

Nativity scene and tree in San Pietro, a sign of hope for the whole world

da (Giovanni Bernardi) – The Nativity, monumental, it will be made of ceramic and the tree will be very tall 28 meters. It is not yet known how the Christmas celebrations in the Vatican and of Pope Francis will take place. But the decorations of St. Peter's Square remain a certainty. These will remain on display until Sunday 10 January 2021, conclusion of the Christmas season and the feast of the Baptism of the Lord.

There is no definite news on the Pope's Christmas celebrations
From the point of view of the Pope's Christmas celebrations, it is already known that there will be no ambassadors accredited to the Holy See to participate. Masses are therefore imagined with a small number of faithful. But still there is certainly nothing.
"This year even more than usual, the setting up of the traditional space dedicated to Christmas in St. Peter's Square is intended to be a sign of hope and trust for the whole world!“, explained the Governorate of the Vatican City State.

The exhibition "expresses the certainty that Jesus comes among the people"
An exhibition that therefore “wants to express the certainty that Jesus comes among his people to save and console them. An important message in this difficult time due to the Covid-19 health emergency ".
The inauguration will take place next 11 December with a restricted ceremony in respectful respect of the anti-contagion rules. The president and the secretary general of the Governorate of the Vatican City State will participate in this, that is, Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello and Bishop Fernando Vérgez Alzaga.

The Monumental Nativity Scene, cultural symbol of Abruzzo
In the morning, Pope Francis will receive the delegations of the two towns who will provide the nativity scene and the tree, who will officially present the gifts. The Italian town of Castelli is in fact very well known for the production of ceramics, which dates back to the sixteenth century. The ceramic statues of the nativity scene that will be installed in St. Peter's Square will be larger than the natural one. The Monumental Nativity Scene is a cultural symbol of Abruzzo, and the specific work, in a collection of 54 some statues will be exhibited, it was created by the pupils and teachers of the "F.A. Crane", current state art school for design.

The Nativity scene in St. Peter's Square and the fir that refers to Christ
The sculptures, with "strong references to the history of ancient art, of Greek art, of the Sumerian one, and the Egyptian one ", as well as the local Abruzzo one, will be those of the Magi, of the angel with open wings and finally of Jesus, Mary and Joseph. The crib itself was exhibited in the past at Trajan's markets in Rome or Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Tel Aviv.
As for the tree instead, it will come from the town on the Rinža river, from a territory that is almost totally covered with forests. The spruce that will be installed in St. Peter's Square, a spruce, grew up in one of the primordial sites on the Unesco World Heritage list, the Krokar virgin forest.

This year everyone is called to live the profound meaning of Christmas
That of the Christmas fir, even if few know it, it is a symbolism that was born in the Germanic world during the Middle Ages and that, as an evergreen that does not die, refers to Christ. While the Nativity scene, as it is known, begun by St. Francis of Assisi, was honored this year by Pope Francis with a letter entitled "Admirabile Signum".
This year in fact, in the face of the Coronavirus crisis and the many difficulties that are experienced in the world, where in addition to wars, an international economic crisis and the specter of terrorism have been added, Christmas will be a time of strong personal and collective rebirth.
In fact, this year even those who are used to living the Christmas holidays with carelessness and little participation will be called to gain experience, deep in your heart, of the birth of a Child, Jesus, who gave salvation to the whole world.

Michael Jackson's secret room, here is the truth revealed by the former bodyguard of the famous international pop star

(from – A distance of 11 years Michael Jackson's death is still shrouded in mystery. Deceased on 25 June 2009, even today there is no certainty about the causes of his death, but there are suppositions of a murder. The news of a secret room for children rekindles the spotlight on the story of the international pop star.
The truth about this room was revealed by the King of Pop's former bodyguard. Several allegations have been made against the singer for sexual harassment that appears to have taken place within his residence in Nerverland. A secret children's room had sprung up from indiscreet voices, but of which little has been known so far. Only thanks to the statements of Jackson's former bodyguard is the truth finally discovered.

Michael Jackson e la panic room
Former bodyguard Matt Fiddes, in an interview given to 'The Scott McGlynn show‘, he said it was a panic room. The room, also, he was already there when he bought the house and he didn't build it. He who lived there was a young multi-billionaire and had created the room to pass the time when he had some apprehension. It was the bodyguards themselves who told Michael to go into the room, so it wasn't secret, people only invented a bale. Fiddes also spoke of the allegations made against the singer by Wade Robson and James Safechuck for sexual harassment. The ex bodyguard said they tried, but they have failed.

Fiddes enraged at everything he said against Jackson
Those who accused him also appealed and organized a documentary. Fiddes went wild because Michael certainly couldn't defend himself from the dead. Then it was understood that what was said was not true at all, and people accused him of money, to get paid. Fiddes also added that the star has certainly had numerous lawsuits in his life. It was common for him to receive charges and those for pedophilia were the heaviest. People did anything to see it and the real problem was the parents. They were the ones who asked if the singer could meet their children.

Sunday 5 July: the Gospel of the day and the words of the Pope during the Angelus

(from – On the sixteenth Sunday of ordinary time, addressing the faithful gathered in St. Peter's Square, Pope Francis commented on the words of the Gospel stressing that in a world "that exalts those who make themselves rich and powerful", even at the expense of others, Jesus asks to make himself small, "Meek and humble", and to look to the fatigued and oppressed, to embrace and feed, as to the "builders of the new humanity".
It is a theme on which the Pope often returns, what is then the cornerstone of Christianity: think and put yourself at the service of others, especially the less fortunate neighbor.
And the message, this Sunday, he is forwarded to the Church - to whom he asks to "live the works of mercy and evangelize the poor".
Important the words of Bergoglio at the end of the Angelus, about the UN Resolution this week:
"This week the United Nations Security Council adopted a Resolution that prepares some measures to deal with the devastating consequences of the Covid-19 virus, particularly for areas already the scene of conflict ".
“The call for an immediate global ceasefire is commendable, which would allow the peace and security necessary to provide the urgently needed humanitarian assistance. I hope that this decision will be implemented effectively and promptly for the good of many people who are suffering. May this Security Council Resolution become a courageous first step towards a peaceful future ".

Sunday 5 July 2020, the gospel of the day
From the Gospel according to Matthew
Mt 11,25-30
At that time Jesus said: «I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and the learned and revealed them to the little ones. Yes, o Father, because so you have decided in your benevolence. Everything was given to me by my Father; nobody knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and the one to whom the Son will want to reveal him. Come to me, all you who are tired and oppressed, and I will give you refreshment. Take my yoke above you and learn from me, who are mild and humble in heart, and you will find refreshment for your life. My yoke is in fact sweet and my light weight ».

“Come to me! And you will find rest ”. XIV Sunday in Ordinary Time

(from – This Sunday's Gospel passage begins with an expression - at that time Jesus said – which seems to have the sole purpose of linking the different events of the life of Jesus together. In reality it describes the climate of tension and failure in which Jesus finds himself living and operating. In the chapter 11, to which the text belongs, in fact, we find John the Baptist's doubts about Jesus' identity and mission described, then the rejection by the Jews of both John and Christ and finally the harsh condemnation of the cities of Corazin, Bethsaida and Capernaum whose inhabitants, despite the many miracles performed in them, they had not believed in Christ.
Well, in this context of total failure, Christ raises a prayer of praise and thanksgiving in which he reveals the secret that exists between him and God. Jesus hasn't told anyone yet, explicitly, to be the Son of God. Now, instead, five times in very few lines he turns to God calling him "Father" and starts talking to him before the disciples and the crowd, witnessing the communion and total identity that exists between them. Our faith is rooted in this clear awareness that Christ has of his divinity, to be the Son of God.
After this observation we want to ask ourselves what the content of Jesus' prayer is, or better yet to whom the Father reveals the Son. The Lord recognizes, albeit with bitterness, than His Word, and therefore His Person, it was rejected by the scribes and doctors of the law of Israel, that is, by the wise and intelligent of the time, while, she was welcomed by poor people, simple and free of any political and economic influence. And in fact the wise like Nicodemus and the intelligent like Paul of Tarsus will have to go a long way to let themselves be grasped by Christ.
Even today the same thing happens. Many people of culture remain far from faith, indeed, they often show hostility towards God, in the name of secularism. Christianity – and its history proves it , does not rely on ignorance, but on humility of man; does not condemn science, but pride and presumption.
We are all sinners and therefore we are all in need. This is why the Lord makes us an attractive proposal: “Come to me! And you will find rest ”. The way of refreshment and liberation is that of personal relationship with Christ. It is a relationship that does not suffocate, that does not oppress, but it brings joy, instills sweetness, it raises because it makes us know the fatherhood of God. The only condition we are asked to do is to open our hearts to the revelation of Jesus. If we remain closed in our self-sufficiency, it is impossible that our intelligence can open up to the surprises of God.

Ettore the Councils: the Pale del Mediterraneo. Tribute to Guccione

(da – On the left the Annunciation with a young Madonna caught in the moment of yes to the angel. On the right an equally young Risen Christ with that Cross that seems to be one with the body. They are the two grandiose bronze bas - reliefs made in 2006 by the great Polish sculptor Igor Mitoraj for the doors of the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli and of the Martyrs to replace the wooden ones of the fifties. They were commissioned by Msgr. Renzo Giuliano, rector of the Basilica, one of the most committed personalities in the dialogue between faith and art of our time. Explicit reference to evangelization, they represent the Annunciation and Resurrection , "The two crucial moments of the Christian faith", according to Mitoraj. It is one of the most powerful creations of contemporary art housed in the Basilica which has a long tradition in this field. Next to the paintings of the classics, from Domenichino to Salvator Rosa, Pompeo Batoni, Pierre Subleyras, Carlo Maratta, there are modern works by Umberto Mastroianni, Giuseppe Gallo, Ernesto Lamagna, Narcissus Quagliata, Tsung Dao Lee, Piero Guccione.
It moves along the path of dialogue between past and present, between ancient and modern, according to the invitation of Paul VI to resume the interrupted discourse between the Church and contemporary art, the permanent installation of the "Pale del Mediterraneo. Tribute to Guccione ”by Ettore de Conciliis, a well-known painter and sculptor sensitive to spirituality and social and civil issues. And a great landscape painter. “Conceiving nature as an immense source of forms and rhythms, of emotions and suggestions, of love and communication is a conquest to which de Conciliis has come from the way that is most congenial to him, painting", he wrote in the distant 2002 that critical goal that was Maurizio Marini. In short, the landscape as a "leit-motiv" as a "spiritual and existential necessity", it is still Marini who writes.
It was to open before Easter, but reasons of force majeure postponed the event to 23 June . Everything was ready, but in the closing months, “In this suspended time, metaphysical, a dissolution of time ", the painter continued to work. An unprecedented circumstance that has profoundly influenced him instinctively leading him to review, to touch up until the last moment. And then here is the small exhibition that completes the two works curated by Yvonne Dohna Schlobitten and Victoria Noel -Johnson, organized and set up by "Il Cigno GG Edizioni" which also owes the catalog. Next to the two unfinished altarpieces by Guccione and the de Conciliis oil altarpieces that will remain in the church, there are studies, pastel preparatory sketches and some themed paintings such as "The lightness of reflections in the evening", "The sea near Ostia".
Everything stems from two very large canvases, over three meters by one and a half meters, left unfinished by Piero Guccione. They are two landscapes designed as altarpieces. The idea came to Lorenzo Zichichi. Why not end them at de Conciliis? A kind of four-handed opera. Of course a completely ideal completion. As seen entering the Basilica, On one side, in the chapel dedicated to Mary Magdalene, the two altarpieces by de Conciliis are exhibited which will remain definitively. Flanking the "Noli me tangere" is a late 16th century painting by Arrigo Fiammingo. In front of, in the Chapel of the Crucifix, the two unfinished paintings by Guccione are placed on the sides of the "Crucifixion" attributed to Giacomo della Rocca, a pupil of Daniele from Volterra.
The canvases of the two painters, each opposite shows many elements in common. They refer to the choice of theme, for the color, for the love of nature dominated by the blue of the sea that merges with the blue of the sky. It is the Mediterranean, the Mare Nostrum, the focus of both, but that of de Conciliis is punctuated by an infinity of yellow crosses, crosses that sparkle in the darkness of the night, that move on the surface of the water, that dive and re-emerge according to the wave motion of the tides. "Symbolic metaphors of peripatetic souls" for Noel-Johnson, "Silent wounds" for the painter, which represents the sea, her beauty but also "her indifference to tragedy". If in the left panel to dominate is the sea of ​​yellow crosses, in the one on the right the only subject is the moon, placed high on a desert landscape. A very thin sickle, in the last phase of the cycle that precedes the new moon. And there are no stars in heaven.
The landscape is a genre for a long time banned from sacred painting, recalls Schlobitten in the catalog. After Paul VI's speech in 1965, it took the Second Vatican Council and Monsignor Giovanni Fallani for the Church to resume the dialogue between abstract art and figurative art. The landscape represented by de Conciliis as well as that of Guccione has water as its protagonist, one of the four elements of nature essential for the perennial cycle of life and in Christianity a symbol of purification, recalls Noel-Johnson. “I wish the landscape interpreted in painting, beyond the charm of appearances, enter sacred places to approach the mystery of nature, to the values ​​of the spirit, of transcendence ", spiega the Councils. And it specifies how "the theme of water is in this case the Mediterranean Sea, place of sacrifice of many human beings, martyrs of hope ".
A place of worship and special art is the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, fruit of the genius of Michelangelo first and then of Vanvielli, but also an environment that over three centuries ago was a real scientific observatory, like many other churches in the Christian world. Pope Clement XI (the century Gianfrancesco Albani), had to guarantee, as head of the Universal Church, in every corner of the planet the correct celebration of S.. Easter, which falls on the Sunday following the first full moon after the spring equinox. To this end, he commissioned the astronomer Francesco Bianchini to build a sundial that would allow him to make the necessary reliefs to calculate without fear of error this holiday and other mobile parties.. In 1702 the Pope visited the so-called "Meridiana Clementina" in his honor, almost completed, built inside the ancient baths of Diocletian, chosen because of the stability of the floor and the solidity of the structures. For the occasion, a medal was coined showing its effigy on the obverse and a view of the church with a solar ray on the meridian line on the reverse. The position and height of the bronze plate with the gnomonic hole, from which the sunbeam enters, was established in order to make the best use of the space on the floor where the meridian line made with bronze sheets set between two marble bands was traced. On the sides you could read some information, in particular the limits within which Easter fell. Like all other instruments, the "Meridiana Clementina" also functioned as a perpetual calendar.
At the time, at least two other tools of this type were in use, also in religious buildings. The first, built in 1468 by astronomer and geographer Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli under Brunelleschi's dome in Santa Maria del Fiore, the second inside the Basilica of San Petronio in Bologna. In 1575 Egnazio Danti had created a similar tool to verify the duration of the year in view of the calendar reform adopted shortly after by Pope Gregory XIII (Gregorian calendar), later in 1655 Gian Domenico Cassini designed the Bologna sundial with very innovative criteria. Bianchini was inspired by this for the Roman one. The system remained in use for a few years, soon replaced by more sophisticated optical instruments with performances far superior to those of sundials. And so also the "Gnomon Clementine" of Santa Maria degli Angeli, like everyone else, was abandoned.

In the wake of Santa Maria Goretti

(from – “Over time, not only the traditionalists but all the Tarantino Catholics, particularly, they feel the emptiness that has been determined since, because of the coronavirus, processions have been suppressed. This is a problem of no small importance not only for the effects on the commercial and employment fields, but also in reference to the same way in which we lived our holidays until February of this year. It will be said that in a Christian holiday the center remains the liturgical celebration, but it is also true that every procession has always coagulated a myriad of people around it, seeing a sacred image parading through our streets, they were marked with the sign of the cross, which is no small thing in a society that is losing the sign of sacredness. All this becomes even more accentuated when the holiday in honor of the Madonna del Carmine approaches, the religious festival par excellence for Taranto's Christianity in the summer ".
it prof. Antonio Fornaro, creator and editor of this section, he wanted to preface his thought on the temporary suppression of processions, before letting us know the contents of the various steps of this section which refer to the period from 5 on 11 July.
This week the Catholic Church celebrates the saints Antonio Maria Zaccaria, Maria Goretti, San Panteno, Saint Veronica Giuliani, Santa Vittoria and San Benedetto da Norcia.
This week the Catholic Church remembers the Madonna under the titles of Our Lady of the Prisoners, Mother of Mercy, Blessed Virgin of Consolation and Madonna of Peace. St. Anthony Maria Zaccaria lived in 1500, became the priest 26 years and a 28 he founded the Barnabiti community in Milan, then the Angeliche di San Paolo e, then, the Maritati of San Paolo who were married lay people. He was denounced as a heretic but was acquitted. He died a little more than 36 years.
San Panteno of Alessandria lived in the second century and converted to Christianity. It is said that he evangelized the East but returned to Alexandria where he died.
Santa Veronica Giuliani was the seventh daughter of her parents and a 17 years I enter the convent of the Poor Clares with the name of Sister Veronica. He lived in seclusion all his life, received the stigmata and left a spiritual diary in 44 notebooks. He died on 9 July 1727 and was canonized in 1839.
Santa Vittoria lived between the third and fourth centuries. Together with his sister Anatolia, he broke off his engagement with two young pagans who kidnapped them and segregated them in Sabina, where miraculously the two young men and the soldier who was to kill them converted. Santa Vittoria and her sister Anatolia died martyrs. Santa Vittoria is the patron saint of Fermo and Monteleone Sabino.
San Benedetto da Norcia founded the first Benedictine monastery in Montecassino and spread the motto "Ora et labora" in Europe, protecting letters, meaning, agriculture and law. He is the principal patron of the West and was named "Father of Europe" by Paul VI.
These are the sayings of the week: "When the mature age arrives, it takes sense and measure", "No river can forget having to go overboard", "Friends of good weather change like the wind", "The doctor learns the art and the patient leaves".
There are three ephemerides of this week that Giuseppe Cravero reminds us of: the 6 July 1642 the large headquarters of the Bank of Italy was inaugurated in Piazza Ebalia on a project by architect Cesare Bazzani. The previous location was behind the railing in the former Palazzo Acclavio.
The Faculty of Medicine of Taranto will find accommodation in the former headquarters of the Bank of Italy from next September. July 8 1919, due to the life expectancy that came about after the First World War in Taranto, there were popular uprisings which caused three deaths, thirty wounded and more than one hundred arrests. The 9 July 1960 the foundation stone was laid for the building of a steel plant.
The deepening on the saint of the week, made by Fornaro, concerns Santa Maria Goretti, a saint of the last century but whose actuality is very present even in our times so much that it is said that young people should look and stay in the wake of Santa Maria Goretti.
In Taranto a parish is named after the Saint in Crispiano and the 30 March 1986 from Mons. Motolese. The new church was opened for worship in 1993. Santa Maria Goretti is the co-patroness of Latina and Nettuno, but above all it is a model of Christian girls.
Santa Maria Goretti was killed in 12 years in 1902 because she had opposed the carnal violence of a boy friend of hers who lived in his own farmhouse a few kilometers from Nettuno, in the province of Latina. The saint is known by the name of Marietta. At the age of 9 years the family, composed of parents and six children, he moved a few kilometers from Nettuno and in the 1902 one of his peers attempted to rape her and hit her several times with an awl. The girl died the next day, the 6 July, forgiving his killer. She became a saint in 1950 and his mother was present at the canonization ceremony. His cult is spread all over the world. Girls looking for a husband and those who have to take the exams turn to her. His killer discounted 27 years of prison and ended his life in the Capuchin Convent of Ascoli Piceno.

"Ostium and Portus from ancient origins to the modern age: The history of the Roman coast

(from – Stefano, first of all, congratulations on your work. What is your essay about? Because in your opinion the history of the Roman coast is so important as to write an essay?
In my essay: "OSTIUM AND PORTUS FROM ANCIENT ORIGINS TO THE MODERN AGE", with the preface by Gianni Maritati, published by IMFO in 2019, I wanted to tell the human path, naturalistic and urban planning of a Roman city over two thousand five hundred years old and its territory even more ancient and linked to the fascinating epic of the Roman Empire and the advent of Judaism and Christianity in Italy and Europe "

Well, 2500 years are no small thing to tell. I can ask you how you proceeded in the narration?
Going into the search for texts, documentary and historical sources I have followed for the drafting the chronological order of the most important events that have gradually constituted the path to highlight the fatal passages, making ample reference to studies and the most recent archaeological discoveries with particular attention to the relationship between the Tiber and the coast of Rome

Few are aware of the link between Rome, the Tiber and the sea.
In fact it is customary to separate Rome from Ostia, as if Ostia and Fiumicino were two separate realities. In reality, the Roman coast is closely linked to the mouth and the passage of the river, to that natural flow that in the past has been the widest and most practical way of communication and trade, hence of growth and wealth, between the "Mare nostrum", the coastal marshes and the hinterland up to Rome.
The river has impressed with its powerful natural force land changes that have influenced over the centuries the evolution of both human settlements and the economy so as to establish the birth, the development and major glories of ancient Ostia, and also its decline since the eighth century AD, as a consequence of changes in its course due to sea and river currents which in various periods prevented both the navigability and the transit of goods.
The river sacred to Romulus and the ancients is a silent witness of the golden ages, but also of the dark ones in Rome, and was formerly called Albula, poi of Tiber's in the end of the Tiber,.
The ancient river acronym was Albula for tradition in reference to the light color of the blond waters. Rumon was another name of Etruscan origin given to the river, and by many scholars it is connected to the name "Rome". The current name, Tiber, according to tradition it derives from the Latin king Tiberino Silvio, who would drown there. While according to Virgil the Etruscans already called him Thybris.

Thanks Stefano. We hope that your work will be of help both to young people and to scholars and enthusiasts of the history of Rome and to Unesco, which was asked to include the Archaeological Park of Ostia Antica and Portus in the list of world heritage.
You are welcome, cand we wish it all.

The link with the radio interview with Stefano Lesti that illustrates his essay by Gianni Maritati:

“Hippocrates misrepresented because of the Church and positivism”

(from – Gulf of Poets – “One of the most important cultural moments at Ligurian and national level, that as always does the full house. It means that not all of our community is in decline, there are still those who love appointments like these ". So the mayor of Lerici Leonardo Paoletti opened the seventh edition of MythosLogos yesterday evening at the Shelley Park of San Terenzo, the festival dedicated to the culture of Greek-Latin antiquity conceived by its historical animator Angelo Tonelli, Greek and famous author. “I thank Angelo - continued the mayor - because in a year in which our municipality too, because of the emergency, it had to minimize expenses not related to ordinary operations, managed to carry on the review without reducing the number of events or the quality ". The microphone, duly sanitized at each passing of the baton, he then moved on to Tonelli to greet the public, over a hundred people sitting at a safe distance. From the scholar a thought on current events, drawing fully from ancient wisdom: “Heraclitus would tell us to wake up, but let's not talk in terms of fig psychologist, we talk about deep self, dell’atman of the Orientals, the naked Greek gods. Parmenides would tell us to dwell in the naked, that inner function that connects to the heart of the cosmos and allows us not to be afraid of death. Why don't you die, because what dies is the external dimension. So take root in this profound dimension, even today in the coronavirus era, he would tell us not to be afraid of death. Because fear is harmful to health, lowers the immune system ". Tonelli then thanked all those who made a contribution to ensure that MythosLogos was also there this summer. Of note the decisive support arrived, participating in a call, from the Italian Buddhist Union, am 10mila euros.
Word to Professor Enrico Facco, historical friend of the review, professor of anesthesiology at the University of Padua, that he presented Return to Hippocrates (Mondadori), his new book written together with the philosopher Silvano Tagliagambe. “We didn't understand much about Hippocrates - he began -, seeing it as an alternative to sacred medicine, and therefore conceiving, through a metaphysical guillotine, a medicine that forgets the soul. But Hippocrates was a priest of Asclepius, not a rationalist atheist doctor! It is an arbitrary split that reduces the patient to an impotent and passive carrier of an illness. It is a question of scientific reductionism, which is a method, but it does not have an ontological dimension, and how any method should be used only when it is appropriate ". The reasons for this division, which for Facco has a negative impact on contemporaneity, for the professor he has political motives: "The Church claimed to manage the soul exclusively. If someone else touched it, he risked ending up at the stake like Giordano Bruno. When Christianity, with Constantine, has imposed itself, it overlapped paganism and buried it, discrediting Asclepius. Although practices that derive from the miraculous healings of antiquity, dall’incubation, they still exist: this is the case with Lourdes ". And the other blow was given, the day before yesterday, "Materialism and positivism, who are blind to subjectivity ".
For Facco it is necessary "to begin to reunite body and soul in a therapeutic alliance with the patient, whether it is towards healing or to better face death. That's not a big deal. It is the nihilism of the West, from Aristotle onwards, which suggests that there’to be is and when it is no longer it is not be. But the opposites are complementary, reality is unique. Only hunger makes satiety pleasant. To think that being becomes nothing is what brings us to the terror of death, identifying ourselves with ours ego, because it is the only small share of us that we have an idea of, but is not so". The professor finally remarked that "Covid-19 is a serious matter, it is not a simple influence. But it must be tackled without terror, because otherwise damage will be done. Coronavirus - I am treating some patients for the psychological effects of Covid – it is not the absolute enemy, we are surrounded by other pathogens. The virus has its right to replicate itself at our expense. And we have the right and the duty to make sure that doesn't happen ". Reflections developed by moving on the red thread of the common origin of the wisdom Greek and Eastern, central theme of the finale of the last edition of MythosLogos.

Erdogan: former Hagia Sophia become mosque

(from – Secular Turkey on the one hand, the Islamic one on the other. The battlefield between the two souls of the former Ottoman sultanate later transformed into a Republic is a courtroom, administrative to be precise, where the fate of the former Christian basilica Santa Sofia is decided. Converted into a mosque after the Ottoman capture of the then Constantinople in 1453, the place of worship eventually became a museum in 1935 by decision of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Turkish Republic and 'revered' today as a bulwark of the secularism of the state by supporters of secularism.
The Association for the Protection of Historical Monuments and the Environment is pushing for the conversion into a mosque, which considers Ataturk's decision illegitimate and demands that the building be removed from tourists to return to the hands of the faithful. A move that has the support of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Erdogan's plan - Several analysts claim that Erdogan, who until last year had remained neutral on the issue, and then has repeatedly publicly claimed Ankara's right to take implement the conversion, believes that converting the museum into a mosque would make its conservative Islamist supporters happy and divert attention from the country's economic problems and the negative impact of the coronavirus on the tourism sector. Reconversion would also be a powerful symbol of his attempts to repel Ataturk-supported secularization.

The concerns of Orthodox Christians - For the leader of the Greek Orthodox Church, however, there is a risk of unleashing "millions of Christians" against Islam. “As a museum, Hagia Sophia can function as a place and symbol of encounter, peaceful dialogue and coexistence of peoples and cultures, mutual understanding and solidarity between Christianity and Islam ", said the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Bartolomeo I, saying to hope that "in the end wisdom and reason will prevail".

The legal battle - In the last round of the trial battle, which as explained by the French agency AFP is only the latest in a long series of appeals that started in 2005, the judges opted for the postponement of fifteen days, but the final decision could arrive earlier. To oppose those who want the return of the place of worship against the museum there is the Istanbul prosecutor, who considers the decision of the then political leader to be legitimate, taken in the form of a decree. Paradoxically, a possible defeat in court of those who want the return of the mosque could turn into a gluttonous assist for Erdogan, who has repeatedly tried to reintroduce the Islamic religion as a characteristic element of the country that has governed since 2003, initially as prime minister and then as president of the republic. Giving legitimacy to Ataturk's decree - observers point out - means that any opposite decision by Erdogan would be legally impeccable.

The verdict - According to opponents of the civil conversion of the place of worship symbol of the victory of Muslims over Christians, the transformation into a museum would have violated the "property right" of sultan Muhammad II and his heirs. The status of 'owners' of Santa Sofia would have been acquired, according to the mosque nostalgics, with the conquest of the city. The verdict, the judges said, it can be issued at any time in the next two weeks. In case of ruling in favor of a change in status, however, further regulatory action will be required by the Ankara executive.

The Church go (at his expense) in oratories to teach religion

(from – Nuccio Cavone) – I carefully read Vincenzo Galdi's article on the validity and opportunity of the hour of religion at school and I take the liberty of contesting it.
Nobody doubts the story, the moral and civil roots and the art that Christianity has handed down to us.
What in 2020 it is inconceivable is that in a secular school, of a secular state, there is still a confessional IRC, namely the teaching of the Catholic religion.
Galdi says it is not time for catechism (something I hadn't noticed in thirty years of teaching in middle school).
But until the teachers are chosen by the Curia (and paid for by all of us Catholics or non-Catholics) and will teach "Catholic Religion" as defined, we will always be a Serie B state, confessional.
This year we saw religion teachers actively attend the license exams ...
It is true that most Italians declare themselves Catholic (practitioners are much less than half) but this does not justify the fact that the Catholic Church uses public school and its money to teach what it should teach in churches or oratories, at their own expense, as other confessions do.
Then if you want to teach the principles, the values ​​and the art that Christianity has left us, history teachers do, letters, artistic (or an a-confessional teacher chosen and accredited by MIUR).
With all due respect to talented fellow IRC teachers, this is a matter of secularism of the School and of the Constitution.