(from interris.it) – Never before have Christians had motives and opportunities for unity. “Creation is no longer intact therefore it cannot be safeguarded as it is but must be repaired. In addition, a theological view that we can call ecoteology is needed as soon as possible ", Daniela Di Carlo tells Interris.it, shepherdess holder of the Waldensian Church from Milan.
Daniela Di Carlo grew up in Rome and directed the Agape International Ecumenical Training Center in Prali in the Waldensian Valleys (Turin) and deals with ecumenism and ecofeminist theologies, feminists and gender. She graduated from the Waldensian Faculty of Theology and studied at the Union Theological Seminary in New York. He has participated in several collective works and collaborates in the column Radio Cult on Rai Radio Uno. It is part of the Justice Peace Commission & Integrity of Creation of the Council of Christian Churches of Milan (Cccm) and deals with interreligious training of health workers with the Together to take care group (Ipc).
In what areas can ecumenical dialogue develop more?
“Certainly the time has not yet come to speak of the Eucharistic welcome nor of the female priesthood. However, it is very important that he asked them, unite, say a radical word about creation. Jurgen Moltmann argues that the three objectives of the ecumenical process justice, peace and safeguard of creation, although they represent a duty of commitment for all Christianity, they must undergo a variation in the typical reading that has been done so far ". The time has come to have a new experience of God ".
What it refers to?
"The anthropocentric ethics that moved are over, through science and technology, to colonize not only the earth but also the space. The anthropocentric period actually proved to be andro-centric, of the domination, that is, of the male over the female and racial because it also provides for the domination of the white man over the rest of colored humanity as well as naturally on the world. For Moltmann, the concept of human life can be linked to the word preying. “All beings living live plundering other living beings ". The results of this attitude are under our eyes ".
Can you give us an example?
“This is also evident through the people who are forced to flee their home country, for a limited time or forever, due to extreme weather events: Drought, floods, earthquakes, desertification, coastal flooding, etc.. Or situations where there is a hoarding of water or energy resources of the earth at the hands of multinationals today and landowners in the past. These events make it difficult to find food and encourage a life in which to have a job and a home ".
What are the consequences on the ecumenical movement?
"Ecoteology becomes necessary today, anticipated by ecofeminism as early as the 1990s, which investigates the link between male domination over women and male domination over nature. There is a need for an "ecological conversion" that must involve every woman and every man at all levels, not only in the political and economic choices of those who govern us, but also in everyday life and churches, on this issue, they can be truly united ".
Family, bioethics, charity. What unites Christians most today?
“For many years Protestantism has spoken of families in the plural and no longer of families in the singular. We have come a long way inside our churches to free women from the oblativity in which they were expelled from the family institution. Thanks to FFEVM (Waldensian Methodist Women's Federation) who promoted the pastoral care of women, and FDEI (Federation of Evangelical Women in Italy) who paid attention to violence against women, Cassiopea, founded by young Protestant women, and not only, who introduced inclusive language, Sophia, the association of Protestant theologians, who called patriarchy by name ".
With what dynamics?
“Today almost every church has the place occupied by a woman who would still be among us, if she hadn't been a victim of femicide; many communities, then, propose initiatives with the city to honor the 25 November, the day against violence against women and there are several people who take part in our assemblies paying attention to inclusive language ".
In Italy, biological testament is discussed. What do you think?
"On bioethics, the end of life, particularly, the European Protestant churches, and us with them, they consider admissible the voluntary choice to interrupt or to refuse the treatments from a patient able to understand and to want and this can happen also in the case of controversial situations, how can it be the interruption of artificial hydration and feeding in patients in a persistent vegetative state. The value of individual life does not lie in its performance, neither in its functionality nor in its autonomy. However, it is considered right to be able to determine one's existence in accordance with conscience and self-determination, these fundamentals in Protestantism ".
Opportunities for unity, then?
“It seems to me that both the family and bioethics are paths incapable of uniting Christianity. The charity, which we call otherwise, instead it can be common ground that allows us to move holding hands. I am thinking, for example, of the humanitarian corridors built between the Waldensian Church and Sant’Egidio, become a model for all of Europe, of conscious reception. I am thinking of the motto of the Waldensian Diaconia "First the last" which for years has been guiding our steps towards the realization of a world just a little more similar to the Gospel words. I think of all the local and ecumenical initiatives where women and Christians decide to challenge differences to promote a project, also small, but significant in favor of victims of violence or homelessness ".
In an increasingly secularized society and in an increasingly fragmented world, what social role can Christian unity play?
“If it were really and deeply there, it could be the common life model to be inspired by. Unfortunately within the confessions themselves we find divisions that cannot be recomposed. The division is already within the Catholic world, inside the Protestant and inside the Orthodox one which themselves become not very credible because instead of promoting dialogue they promote conflict. It remains to be seen how we will manage to deal with God, when the time comes, compared to the inability to create a unity first within their churches, then in the ecumenical dialogue and finally in the interreligious one. In fact, we are very bad witnesses of unity and excellent representatives of division ".
The ecumenical momentum of Pope Francis is an aid in overcoming anachronistic divisions between separate brothers?
"Of course it is a very important symbolic aid for us but also a double-edged sword that has favored the strengthening of that conservative Catholic component that does not believe in ecumenical dialogue and that hated the pope himself. I am extremely struck by the articles I sometimes read that not only disapprove but condemn the work of Pope Francis. His work is able to bring together sisters and brothers in a transversal way, regardless of the confession of belonging, united by a similar reading of the Gospel and not because they belong to the same church. United by the radical nature of the gospel rather than by human religion ".