Category: Society and religion

Religious freedom against the smallpox of hatred

(from – In this difficult phase for global rights, no wonder that old and new forms of social hatred, of creeping conflict and religious ostracism allignino unnoticed by public opinion until they produce the massacres, the tragic and mournful events.
It is not entirely surprising that current events re-propose a serious resurgence of acts, including individual acts of fundamentalist terrorism in France. There is no need to go back too far, when nationalist elitism justified colonialism or when, more recently, a conservative President could afford to define "scum" demonstrators and extralegals of the banlieues. The challenge of recent years is both deeper and more pragmatic and concerns the dynamics of exclusion from the active exercise of democratic citizenship. The French civil status yesterday could be blamed for having created an almost religious public symbology, where the theological element was not banned, but that of simple demographic extraneousness. Today the picture has changed a lot because the bewilderment of the social crisis declines against all subjectivities, especially those not organized: slags of a discomfort easy to ensnare, sacrifice, use and throw away.
In the humus of resentment that has no channels to speak and hearts to hear, there is no room for not condemning the shed blood. The Muslim faithful who live their community with dignity tell us that there is no room on the theological level: there is no faith or Koranic reading that can legitimize hatred against hatred up to the loss of life. But also on the cultural level, legal and political, it is impossible to find a reason for the slaughter in Nice and its dismal beheadings. There is material, very, for criminology and for comparative judicial analysis: Nice already hit, and with all the operative modalities of jihadist proselytism. First the vans stolen and thrown into the crowds, then the attacks with firearms in targets et(n)icily sensitive (refreshment points, newspapers, music rooms), then again the attacks on the knife and finally today the exemplary return of the beheadings.
There is desolation to see the life of others used to confirm one's will to power, until the murderer confesses his total semantic weakness precisely in the act of denying the other to exist in himself.
There is desolation in the tragic chance for which one dies without knowing it, for having found where and how it was better not to be, even if no rules of conduct - even if only one of prudential caution! - had forced us not to be there, but elsewhere.
It may appear rhetorical, but there is only one way to honor the dead of Nice, that is, continuing to preside over the right and virtue of religious freedom. The welcoming complexity where the function of Catholic worship in the cathedral is located, Friday and Saturday prayers, atheism without judging cravings, indigestible satire and not for this to derogate from.
Nice thus gives us back its archetypal value: an anarchist and then anti-national city, autonomist and then nationalist, Communard and then bourgeois. Today exposed to migration, to the material and non-material "networks" of legally oriented civil action, he will no longer have to fear that contradiction will lead to death. Another is the fruitful contradiction of plural constitutionalism: generate life and the civilization of law.

The timeless charm of the Sacra di San Michele: the Staircase of the Dead

(from – The timeless charm of the Sacra di San Michele. There are those who arrive there by faith, on pilgrimage, and who instead to admire its undisputed beauty.
It is one of the most symbolic monuments of Piedmont, place with over a thousand years of history behind it. There is something spiritual and mystical in the imposing figure of the Sacred, which from its high position has been observing for centuries, in silence, that area that leads to neighboring France. Let's discover its architecture together. Point of interest rich in symbolism is represented by the Scalone dei Morti. It is the nerve center inside the Base, it was built between 1110 and the 1148 to house the tombs of abbots and dignitaries. In this case, unlike the other abbey churches, as well as being a burial place, it is also a place with a high symbolic value.
The uphill staircase in fact, would represent our life and the difficulties that face us from day to day and that we must have the courage to overcome in order to achieve our goals. The latter must be reached in order to continue the path to the kingdom of heaven, passing through the Portal of the Zodiac, the Purgatory, and continuing up to the Church: il Paradiso. What draws attention to our passage is also the regard for the sacredness of the stone, or the work of the monks who had respect for the mountain in "embracing it" without disfiguring it.
The new opening hours of the Sacra di San Michele are valid from November, here are also the times of the Holy Masses. From 2 November open to visits always with continuous hours from 9.30 All 16.30. Hours of Holy Masses. Sunday 1st November hours 12.00 in the Abbey Church. Monday 2 November at 12.00 and at hours 17 with the Memorial of all the dead.

The tree of life exists and is found in the Bahrain desert

(from – Sculptures, representations, ancient and contemporary masterpieces of art: everyone talks about him, of the tree of life. Even in the Holy Scriptures, this special tree, has a place of honor; present from Genesis to Revelation, it is considered the symbol of life par excellence.
And so, for centuries, men wondered if there really existed a living specimen capable of embodying this spiritual icon placed at the center of their pantheon by religions. Even today, the symbolism of the tree is very rooted, of this the most folkloric and mythological aspects have been recovered even if, in the Christian tradition, it still remains an icon of faith.
But the tree of life really exists? The answer is yes, and comes directly from Bahrain. It is here that in the middle of the desert, between the Mountain of Smoke and Manama, rises to the sky, a tree with ancient origins.
His chronological age is approximately 400 years, it is not the longest-lived tree in the world, that is obvious, but what is amazing about this specimen is that it grew up in an arid land, desert and devoid of vegetation.
So out of nowhere, in the middle of the Bahrain desert, like a mirage he appears, that has lived and thrived for centuries, with its ten meters high. Many recognize in that specimen the tree mentioned in the sacred scriptures, to the point that the inhabitants of the region gave it the name of Shajarat-al-Hayat, which means tree of life.
According to popular beliefs, the tree was planted here in 1583 to indicate the place where the Earthly Paradise originally stood. It was precisely from this land that it would have prospered until today, with all the symbology and the miserable that surround it.
In reality, the explanation of existence, and survival, by Shajarat-al-Hayat is less enigmatic than one might think. The soil in which the specimen grows, una Prosopis cineraria, in fact, is located only a 10 meters above the sea level. The humid air of the area, also, it helps him to stock up on the necessary water e, not too far from the tree, there are several ponds and some other trees.
Despite these details, Shajarat-al-Hayat is universally recognized as the tree of life and, the spectacle that opens up to the thousands of tourists who come here every year, it is however very suggestive and almost mystical.

Thus ecoteology unites Christians

(from – Never before have Christians had motives and opportunities for unity. “Creation is no longer intact therefore it cannot be safeguarded as it is but must be repaired. In addition, a theological view that we can call ecoteology is needed as soon as possible ", Daniela Di Carlo tells, shepherdess holder of the Waldensian Church from Milan.

Christian unity
Daniela Di Carlo grew up in Rome and directed the Agape International Ecumenical Training Center in Prali in the Waldensian Valleys (Turin) and deals with ecumenism and ecofeminist theologies, feminists and gender. She graduated from the Waldensian Faculty of Theology and studied at the Union Theological Seminary in New York. He has participated in several collective works and collaborates in the column Radio Cult on Rai Radio Uno. It is part of the Justice Peace Commission & Integrity of Creation of the Council of Christian Churches of Milan (Cccm) and deals with interreligious training of health workers with the Together to take care group (Ipc).

In what areas can ecumenical dialogue develop more?
“Certainly the time has not yet come to speak of the Eucharistic welcome nor of the female priesthood. However, it is very important that he asked them, unite, say a radical word about creation. Jurgen Moltmann argues that the three objectives of the ecumenical process justice, peace and safeguard of creation, although they represent a duty of commitment for all Christianity, they must undergo a variation in the typical reading that has been done so far ". The time has come to have a new experience of God ".

What it refers to?
"The anthropocentric ethics that moved are over, through science and technology, to colonize not only the earth but also the space. The anthropocentric period actually proved to be andro-centric, of the domination, that is, of the male over the female and racial because it also provides for the domination of the white man over the rest of colored humanity as well as naturally on the world. For Moltmann, the concept of human life can be linked to the word preying. “All beings living live plundering other living beings ". The results of this attitude are under our eyes ".

Can you give us an example?
“This is also evident through the people who are forced to flee their home country, for a limited time or forever, due to extreme weather events: Drought, floods, earthquakes, desertification, coastal flooding, etc.. Or situations where there is a hoarding of water or energy resources of the earth at the hands of multinationals today and landowners in the past. These events make it difficult to find food and encourage a life in which to have a job and a home ".

What are the consequences on the ecumenical movement?
"Ecoteology becomes necessary today, anticipated by ecofeminism as early as the 1990s, which investigates the link between male domination over women and male domination over nature. There is a need for an "ecological conversion" that must involve every woman and every man at all levels, not only in the political and economic choices of those who govern us, but also in everyday life and churches, on this issue, they can be truly united ".

Family, bioethics, charity. What unites Christians most today?
“For many years Protestantism has spoken of families in the plural and no longer of families in the singular. We have come a long way inside our churches to free women from the oblativity in which they were expelled from the family institution. Thanks to FFEVM (Waldensian Methodist Women's Federation) who promoted the pastoral care of women, and FDEI (Federation of Evangelical Women in Italy) who paid attention to violence against women, Cassiopea, founded by young Protestant women, and not only, who introduced inclusive language, Sophia, the association of Protestant theologians, who called patriarchy by name ".

With what dynamics?
“Today almost every church has the place occupied by a woman who would still be among us, if she hadn't been a victim of femicide; many communities, then, propose initiatives with the city to honor the 25 November, the day against violence against women and there are several people who take part in our assemblies paying attention to inclusive language ".

In Italy, biological testament is discussed. What do you think?
"On bioethics, the end of life, particularly, the European Protestant churches, and us with them, they consider admissible the voluntary choice to interrupt or to refuse the treatments from a patient able to understand and to want and this can happen also in the case of controversial situations, how can it be the interruption of artificial hydration and feeding in patients in a persistent vegetative state. The value of individual life does not lie in its performance, neither in its functionality nor in its autonomy. However, it is considered right to be able to determine one's existence in accordance with conscience and self-determination, these fundamentals in Protestantism ".

Opportunities for unity, then?
“It seems to me that both the family and bioethics are paths incapable of uniting Christianity. The charity, which we call otherwise, instead it can be common ground that allows us to move holding hands. I am thinking, for example, of the humanitarian corridors built between the Waldensian Church and Sant’Egidio, become a model for all of Europe, of conscious reception. I am thinking of the motto of the Waldensian Diaconia "First the last" which for years has been guiding our steps towards the realization of a world just a little more similar to the Gospel words. I think of all the local and ecumenical initiatives where women and Christians decide to challenge differences to promote a project, also small, but significant in favor of victims of violence or homelessness ".

In an increasingly secularized society and in an increasingly fragmented world, what social role can Christian unity play?
“If it were really and deeply there, it could be the common life model to be inspired by. Unfortunately within the confessions themselves we find divisions that cannot be recomposed. The division is already within the Catholic world, inside the Protestant and inside the Orthodox one which themselves become not very credible because instead of promoting dialogue they promote conflict. It remains to be seen how we will manage to deal with God, when the time comes, compared to the inability to create a unity first within their churches, then in the ecumenical dialogue and finally in the interreligious one. In fact, we are very bad witnesses of unity and excellent representatives of division ".

The ecumenical momentum of Pope Francis is an aid in overcoming anachronistic divisions between separate brothers?
"Of course it is a very important symbolic aid for us but also a double-edged sword that has favored the strengthening of that conservative Catholic component that does not believe in ecumenical dialogue and that hated the pope himself. I am extremely struck by the articles I sometimes read that not only disapprove but condemn the work of Pope Francis. His work is able to bring together sisters and brothers in a transversal way, regardless of the confession of belonging, united by a similar reading of the Gospel and not because they belong to the same church. United by the radical nature of the gospel rather than by human religion ".

Maria Goretti, the sky over the swamp

(from – 6 July, anniversary of the death of Maria Goretti, the twelve year old killed after an attempted rape and proclaimed a saint by the Church on 24 June 1950.
Maria Goretti was born in Corinaldo, in the province of Ancona, the 16 October 1890, by Luigi Goretti and Assunta Carlini, peasants of humble origins and very religious, who lived by cultivating the land. Terzogenita, she was baptized in the parish church of Saints Peter and Paul in the town. As years go by, the scarce economic resources of the family push the Goretti to move, at the end of 1896, in Paliano, in the province of Frosinone and settled in Colle Gianturco, becoming settlers on a farm.

Maria Goretti and the meeting with the Serenelli
Three years remain here, first by arranging alone, then entering into partnership with Giovanni Serenelli. The man has two children, Gaspare and Alessandro. The latter will develop a pathological obsession for her. And in the end he will kill her in a barbaric and truculent way. But let's go in order. The two families share work and harvest.
In 1900 they move to Ferriere di Conca, on the border with the city of Neptune, to work for Count Attilio Mazzolenì, who assigns them a home.

The death of the father
The climate of the Agro Pontino is not healthy and the father, Luigi Goretti, takes malaria first, then typhoid and meningitis. Die on 6 June of the same year. The wife, Assunta, she remains alone to run the family of six children. Decide, despite the difficulties, to stay and work with the Serenellis for the count. The girl has 10 years, he is docile and has unshakeable faith, so much that it is she who gives courage to mom, increasingly desperate for hard work and chronic lack of money.

Maria Goretti, early faith and worship to the Madonna
Even the desire of the little girl who demonstrates an unusual religious sense for her age, to be able to receive the Eucharist, it is a luxury he cannot afford. He should make his first communion, learn doctrine, then attend the ceremony for which you need a new dress. The girl still manages to take lessons from the cloakroom keeper and a priest, don Don Alfredo Paliani, who only goes to town on Sunday. Quickly learn the catechism and the 16 June 1901, together with his brother Angelo he received the Eucharist from Father Basilio dell’Addolorata for the first time, which has been in the Agro Pontino for a couple of years.

Alessandro Serenelli and his obsession with Maria
He also develops an intense devotion to Our Lady, with the daily recitals of the rosary. Meanwhile, it begins to grow and attracts the attention of Alessandro Serenelli, eight years older than her, who starts to woo her. It has already failed, a bit for bad companies, a little by inclination. In a short time it becomes morbid.

Maria's refusal and Serenelli's criminal project
One day, in early summer, in 1902, the advances that she refuses go away crying for her vulgarity, he then threatens her: “Se fiati, I `ll kill you". After a few days he tries again, is rejected again. Anger and the desire to punish her begin to rise inside him, killing. Thus a long awl is prepared 24 centimeters. Then, in the days that follow, gives her no respite. He persecutes her, constantly scolding her for trivial reasons and overloading her with work. She clings to faith, but she asks her mom never to leave her alone. But the woman does not imagine what is happening and perhaps does not pay attention to this request.

The brutal murder of 5 July
The fatal attack takes place on 5 July, early in the afternoon. Both families are engaged in threshing. Alexander is driving one of the two oxcarts, while Maria sews clothes on the boy's order.
The girl's brothers have fun playing on the wagons while the mother is working in the farmyard. At one point the boy goes to her and asks her to replace him because he has to go into the house to do something urgent. Entering the kitchen he obliges Maria, that's out there, to follow him. She refuses and he loses his head, he takes it violently by grabbing her by the hair. She tells him that if he does what he has in mind, he will go to hell, as he himself will tell at the trial:
“Seeing that he absolutely did not want to comply with my brutal cravings, I went on a rampage e, took the awl, I started hitting her on the belly, how you pound the corn ... The moment I vibrated the blows, not only was he struggling to defend himself, but he repeatedly invoked his mother's name and shouted: Dio, Dio, I die, Mother, Mom! I remember seeing blood on her clothes and leaving her while she was still wiggling. I understood very well that I had mortally wounded her. I threw the weapon behind the chest and went to my room. I locked myself in and threw myself on the bed ".
Although the girl is now dying, with wounds so deep on her belly that her bowels come out, he manages to call for help. When they take her to the hospital, the doctors count fourteen blows that have injured her left lung, the diaphragm, the gut. Others remain alive 24 ore. Meanwhile Alessandro, is led by the Carabinieri to the barracks of Nettuno. Maria needs hospitalization at the Fatebenefratelli hospital, which he reaches in an ambulance, together with the mother. Once you arrive, mom is not allowed to spend the night with her and has to leave. The young woman is assisted by a nurse and two nuns.

The interrogation of the Carabinieri
Early in the morning, when Assunta returns, his condition has worsened. Then the Carabinieri arrive to question her about what happened.
They ask her if Alessandro had annoyed her other times before that day. She replies that yes, he had already done it twice. The mother, upset she asks why he didn't say anything to her and she: "Mother, swore that if I said that, he would have killed me ... meanwhile he killed me anyway ".

The last hours of life: the forgiveness of his murderer, then the delusion
When the archpriest arrives, of Neptune, Monsignor Themistocles Lords, he decides to confess her and asks her if she wants to forgive her tormentor. She answers yes, rather pray for him, she hopes he can reach her in Heaven. She is given extreme unction. Shortly thereafter, he starts delirious. He alternates the scenes of the violence suffered with those in which he sees the white lady, full of lights and flowers. Turn at 15.45 the 6 July 1902.

The deadly, the funeral, the monument, the biography
His death suffered an immediate echo in the surrounding environment. She had been a lovely little girl, he had had the gift of authentic faith, simple and profound, that he had put into practice with his own life, and died in martyrdom. When the funeral is celebrated, people come from all over, as well as prelates and authorities from Rome. Two years later, to Neptune, a marble monument is dedicated to her, then it is the turn of the biography written by the lawyer Carlo Marini. Inspired by the story of Maria Goretti, even a movie, Sky over the swamp, by Augusto Genina, released in 1949, winner of the silver ribbon for best director.

The beatification process
His grave, in the cemetery of Nettuno, becomes a pilgrimage destination. Then his remains are exhumed in 1929 and placed in the chapel of the Sisters of the Cross. Finally, transferred to the sanctuary of the Madonna delle Grazie, always in Neptune, visited by Monsignor Achille Ratti, future Pope Pius XI and Pope Paul VI in September 1969.
In 1935 the diocese of Albano, of which the locality of Neptune belonged asks to be able to begin the procedures for the beatification process. To which it arrives, but, only in 1947, the 27 April, in St. Peter's Square in Rome, with Pope Pius XII.

Maria Goretti proclaimed saint in 1950 da papa Pio XII
After only three years,instead, the 24 June 1950, he is still pope Pio XII to proclaim her holy, after several healings obtained with prayers to Maria Goretti were considered by the special commission established, miraculous. The first dates back to 4 May 1947, it is an instant cure of a woman from exudative pleurisy and abundant fluid. The second, four days later, instant healing of a man with severe foot hematoma on which a heavy boulder had fallen while at work.

What happened to Alessandro Serenelli?
Serenelli is sentenced to 30 years in prison, and Noto. There have already been cases of mental imbalance and alcoholism in the family.. At the trial Serenelli confesses that he prepared the awl if the girl had resisted. He also confesses his desire to escape from the unbearable life in the fields, so killing and going to jail would always be better than staying in that place, live in those conditions, in extreme poverty.

Repentance and conversion
In the period from 1902 to the 1918, followed by bishop Giovanni Blandini, he repented and converted to the Catholic religion. Years later he tells of having seen Maria in a dream offering him flowers that become flames. In 1929, released in advance for good conduct, asks the forgiveness of Maria Goretti's family and her mother accepts. Then the man spends the rest of his life as a gardener and concierge in various convents, the last of which in Macerata, run by the Capuchins, where the 6 May 1970, a 87 years, for the aggravation of a fracture of the femur caused by a fall.

The Nobel Prize Karman: “My Yemen dies in silence and with the complicity of the world”

(from – Umberto De Giovannangeli) – Yemen, after over five years of war, "Is a victim of international silence". To report it, in this interview with Globalist, is the Nobel Peace Prize, Tawakkol Karman. The Yemeni activist tells of an endless tragedy but with many culprits. It also tells, proudly, the role of women in a revolution that has not given up. “It is no coincidence - the Nobel Peace Prize strongly emphasizes 2011 - that women and young people were at the forefront in those revolutions that marked many Arab countries, including mine, Yemen. Old corrupt and despotic regimes, as well as a retrospective and obscurantist fundamentalism, they fear and fight women because they know that they are fighting a double oppression, by interpreting a desire for change that combines idealness with extraordinary concreteness ". For his political activism and in defense of human rights, Tawakkol Karman met the prisons of the then father-master of Yemen, il presidente Ali Abdallah Saleh. It was the 2011, Tawakkol was president of the association "Women journalists without chains".

The international community appears in fact powerless in the face of the massacres that have marked daily life in Yemen for years. A recent Oxfam report, accounts for a devastating war, with very heavy bombings of which mainly women and children pay the price. 12.366 civilian casualties, between 26 March 2015 and the 7 March of this year and beyond 100 thousand total victims. over 4 millions of internally displaced people survive in makeshift accommodation or in villages, where the local population offered them shelter. And still: more than 10 millions of people are on the verge of famine. 2 millions of children e 1,4 millions of pregnant women suffer of acute malnutrition. 24,1 millions of people on 30,5 they depend on humanitarian aid. Food prices rose on average by 47%.Quasi 18 millions of people do not have access to sources of clean water and basic health care, thus inevitably remaining exposed to deadly epidemics. The stocks of medicine and medical supplies are running out and this is in full Covid pandemic…
It is a terrible situation, a humanitarian apocalypse. We are talking about human beings, not numbers. You speak of "impotence". I would add: guilty. Why the international community, starting with those who sit permanently at the United Nations Security Council table, they have the tools to stop the hand of the Syrian dictator-executioner. What is missing, the political will to intervene is guilty. Nobody can tell: I did not know, I was not aware of this humanitarian apocalypse. Don't stop this slaughter, it is a crime against humanity.

You recently accused the Yemeni government recognized by the UN of having exiled President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi and of being a tool that legitimizes the Saudi occupation of the country. At the same time, he used very harsh words against the coup attempt carried out by the Houthi minority, supported by Iran…
Any attempt at peace that does not take this into account is nothing more than an attempt to subjugate the Yemenis to the status quo dictated by the brutal coup d'état of the Houthi and the Saudi and Emirati occupiers. In my battered country there is a power vacuum, the decisions are written by the Saudi ambassador, the signature of Hadi and his prime minister does not represent us, they have no legitimacy. Hadi and his associates are satisfied with being mere tools in this war, agents, non leader; followers, not equal partner. Since the beginning of the war unleashed by the Saudi-led coalition, all these components, including the Islam Party, they are just tools in the hands of Saudi Arabia, just like the STC, the troops of Tariq [Saleh] and the Elite Forces.

About Saudi Arabia. You used harsh words in condemning the brutal murder of the Saudi journalist and dissident Jamal Khashoggi, torn apart in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in 2018. He is afraid of making his own end?

I am subject to a widespread hate campaign and terrible incitements to will be against me from the Saudi media and their allies. The most important thing is that I will be safe from the saw with which the body of the late Jamal Khashoggi was cut. I will go to Turkey and consider it a message to world public opinion: these sowers of hate and death will not have won it. Let me add one thing: the international community is not only silent about the crimes perpetrated in Yemen, but a part of it is also an accomplice active in this endless slaughter. And this complicity also affects Europe and those countries that continue to sell arms to Saudi Arabia.

In his speeches, she insists a lot on the "lesson" that the young protagonists of the Arab Springs have made their own and how on this basis they led their battle of freedom. What is this lesson that you also project in relations between East and West?
He sees, we young people of the Arab Spring have understood that what prevents the accomplishment of the brotherhood between East and West are the despotic rulers, corrupt and bankruptcy. These rulers are the cause of an internal war in our peoples and pose a threat to international stability.

You have repeatedly referred to a "phase two" of the Yemeni revolution. What it is?
Our revolution begins with the fall of the dictator. Now we have entered the second phase, a transition phase. Security forces must be changed and corruption must be eliminated. It will not be easy, but we are not interested in getting rid of just a despot. We want justice and democracy and we will achieve it through a peaceful revolution.

Women have played a leading role in this revolution ...
It is true and I am deeply proud of it. In this revolution, women took on leadership roles. Women were killed on the street ... murdered because they were guides. Saleh said we had to stay home. But our answer was: pack your suitcase because the women will drop your throne. Initially we were only three young women. We have been mocked and arrested. feared. Men were amazed at our presence and ourselves at our strength. Women are brave and generous: they never fight only for themselves, they do it for the whole community ".

What role does it play, in Yemeni affairs, the religion?
In my country, traditions endanger the freedom of women. Many religious give personal and wrong interpretations of Islam. Governments do nothing because this serves them to maintain the status quo.

As a journalist and activist, in conferences he holds around the world, she focuses primarily on defending human rights
My goal is very clear: contribute to the creation of democratic states that respect freedoms and human rights. This can only be achieved by fighting against tyrannies that violate these rights and in favor of building states whose foundations are civilization., the rule of law and the integrity of the institutions. I carry on this struggle in different ways within civil society and to spread my message I take advantage of all the positions available to me: media, human rights forum, political debates, etc.. Wherever I go, I try to explain that tyrannies deprive societies of peace and development. Any society deprived of freedoms and human rights can only live an apparently precarious peace fatally destined to collapse.

To return to his country. Yemen can hope for a better future?
You cannot think about a country's future until peace is restored. But peace is not just ending the war, but also to oppression and injustice. Peace without justice is precarious, like a ceasefire or an interim truce that is only the prelude to even more terrifying events afterwards. The worst of all wars is what tyrannical dictatorships have declared to their peoples. Therefore, I remain convinced that it is necessary to fight against political regimes that are unable to guarantee the fundamental rights of individuals and institutions and to threaten them. We need to replace them with democratic systems. Today like yesterday, I fight for democracy. This, in the case of Yemen, it means putting an end to the situation created by the coup and organizing the referendum on the draft Constitution which had already been agreed in the national dialogue started during the transition period. Then, elections can be called of course. When political life returns to its normal course, I intend to found a party that essentially brings together women and young people to carry out the civic project promoted by the revolution of 2011.

Yemen, Syria, libya, Palestine: the Near East looks like an immense battlefield, whose first victims are civilian populations
“The ones you refer to, and others could be added, they are wars by proxy, led by regional powers that despise the freedom of peoples, who is not interested in inflicting unspeakable suffering, deprive millions of humans, mostly young people, of a future worth living. Yemen, for its geographical position, it is a crock pot between two large iron pots, Iran and Saudi Arabia, who vie for supremacy in the Persian Gulf and across the Middle East. But in the end, I am convinced of it, the need for peace that animates my people, beyond all ethnicity, will get the better of those who have tried to wipe us out.

Rajangam: "I will tell you about the tragedy of the Indian tribal nomads"

(from – My name is Rajangam. I live in the city of Madurai, in the south of Tamil Nadu, in India. There are many nomadic tribal communities in Tamil Nadu and India. I am among them: I belong to the nomadic tribal community of fortune tellers (in Tamil li chiamiamo GuduGuduppaikarargal), one of the most segregated in India ". Thus begins the appeal of Rajangam, Indian teacher and social activist of 48 years. Rajangam was born into a very poor nomad family. Unique of his many brothers, he was able to study and free himself from the destiny of becoming a kind of fortune teller like all the members of his nomadic tribe. In fact, in India there is a caste system officially abolished in 1950. But in practice it is still very present in society, even between institutions, as an Italian volunteer told In Terris.

The help of the Indian Church
Rajangam was able to become an elementary school teacher (too expensive for a person belonging to the nomadic caste, like him) thanks to the help given to him by the then Archbishop of Madurai, mons. Arockiasamy and the Auxiliary Bishop and current Archbishop of Madurai, Mons. Antony Pappusamy. "It was truly an opportunity sent by God that I immediately seized", recounts. Madurai is a city of almost 1 millions of inhabitants in the Federated State of Tamil Nadu, in the extreme southeast of the Indian peninsula. Thanks to the funding of the Rajangam Catholic Church - which is Catholic like his whole family - he took his primary school diploma thus redeeming himself from the system that obliged him to the same fate as his father and grandfather. Once he became a master, he did not escape to the city leaving the nomad camp, but he chose to help others in his own situation.

The creation of Tent society
He thus founded in 2003 a humanitarian organization called TENT society. The goal is "to educate and empower nomads to guarantee their human rights". Even his wife - who belongs to his own nomadic community - studied and joined him in the great redemption project of the nomadic people. "The TENT Society started helping nomadic tribal communities along with some volunteers", tells In Terris Rajangam. "In these years, I got in touch with other activists or important people of India thanks to seminars and conferences organized in the interest of the nomadic tribes. One of these special people is Father Renato Rosso, a missionary born in Alba who has been following the nomadic populations of India and Bangladesh for years. Thanks to him, Tent has found support and aid from both Ruah onlus founded by Father Rosso, and by the Pope John XXIII Community Association (ApgXXIII) founded by Don Oreste Benzi.

The society of inequalities
There are still many forms of social inequality in India today, political, cheap, access to school and essential services such as health. “According to our constitution - explains Rajangam - we are a secular country, but in reality inequalities are everywhere and are related to both caste, both to the religion of belonging. For example, all this with a Hindu Indian gets from the state, land, concessions and so on, it risks losing them if it converts to Christianity. Discrimination that Muslims and other religious minorities in the country also experience. For this reason, come Tent society, we decided to help everyone, regardless of belief and social origin, with special attention to the population of the nomadic tribes ".

The condition of nomadic tribes
But what are the real living conditions of the nomadic tribes in India, outside the political proclamations of the Indian Prime Minister Nerenda Modi? "They are really dramatic", spiega Rajangam. “They do not enjoy any fundamental right enshrined in the Constitution. The British Act of 1871 who criminalized them during colonialism is still valid. Dismissed from their traditional lands in the name of development, these ancient tribes were forced to wander in order to survive, thus becoming nomads. But nomads in India are considered the lowest rung of Indian society and hierarchy because they don't even have a piece of land. Because of this centennial discrimination, Indian nomadic tribes lag behind in all development indicators. Nomads are considered the lowest group in society and are treated as such. They aren't even counted in the country's poverty statistics because, being nomads, they have no residence. They are ultimately invisible to the state too, who doesn't care at all ".

Coronavirus and poverty
In this already dramatic scenario, the spread of COVID- 19 has brought tribal communities to their knees, also economically. "The lockdown - says Rajangam - lasted longer than 100 days preventing the poor from earning a day. Aid announced by the government does not reach them because most of them do not have the required documents, being a nomad. At the moment, thousands of families are totally without food and survive only thanks to the help of some NGOs and some good Samaritans. But most are literally starving!”. In these dramatic circumstances, the Tent society is trying to send aid from abroad.

Rajangam's appeal
From here, Rajangam's appeal to donate. “My appeal is for you Italians - he says - so that you want to support financially about 1000 families, at least 5000 people. Donations (here the link to the Tent society website) they will be used to purchase and supply them with dry rations and other basic goods necessary for their survival at least until November. This would immensely mitigate their suffering. Once food safety is ensured, in fact, health problems can be solved locally. We need everyone to solve this situation - concludes Rajangam - a real tragedy of the invisible ".

Assisted fertilization loses the guru

(by The Journal) – Carlo Flamigni, died at the age of 87 years, he was more fully a frontline scientist. innovator & popularizer: studying, signed publications on publications addressing this or that theme, then he distilled in a sentence pills of progressive wisdom, today it would be called liberal, intended to arouse standing ovations on one side and anathemas on the other.
One day, in 2014, observing the clash in front of the Policlinico Sant’Orsola in Bologna between a group of Catholics who prayed against abortion and the feminists who intoned Bella hello, the professor came out with a very sharp and offensive judgment for the sensitivity of those who did not think like him: «Those prayers are an expression of a medieval church. Feminists react to a bad provocation that humiliates women ». That. Sharp. Like the prophet of a new order soaked in the baptismal font of a neo-positivism, all optimism. «Behind an abortion – he added to Repubblica – there is suffering. It's a complicated choice. I remember women with their heads down they don't want to be seen. I ask those who say the prayers where their compassion is, to consider these women, victims of imprudent boyfriends, lack of education. Behind it is selfishness, ignorance, the indolence of men ".
This was Flamigni: the scalpel was the magic wand of a new era that tore millennia of tradition into pieces, of morale, of religion. And he envisioned an era in which women, freed from the subordinate condition, they could have chosen which path to take on the edge of life.
Exactly as it happened then, in the name of feminism and contemporaneity, even if it is not said that everything went well. Indeed. Abortion has become almost an instrument of contraception, suffering has mixed with other moods, not always so dramatic, especially the birth rate, no longer defended as before, it collapsed by opening a hole in society and generating gigantic problems. Larger than those that needed to be solved. As has happened to other generous pioneers, Flamigni has cultivated the myth of a new humanism, without realizing that so, while collecting victories over victories, the company was going to crash.
But he went on undaunted. Until the end. "What anger" he exclaimed before the hesitations of the Emilia Region in taking the path of the heterologous, his workhorse. No ethical doubt shook these certainties: «Genetics don't count, it counts who grows the child ». And more, convinced to see further, he stated with a certain recklessness: «Today's moral rules are not the same as yesterday's. And in the future they will still be different. There is no written morality. But it is dictated by common sense. That changes like science. Today the artificial uterus is coming ".
In short, For all life, Flamigni has never lost that image of militant white coat, immersed in his mission and then in the books, in teaching, in civil battles that have marked more than one generation. The gynecologist, actually an intellectual, leaves a crowd of admirers. But also a series of out of tune predictions. Because the perimeter of man is larger than what he had identified and circumscribed. By making a reduction, that yes with disastrous consequences.

Meelis Friedenthal – If the regions of Europe want to understand each other, they must take into account the different religions

(from – Nicola Baroni) – "Today Estonia is very eager to establish itself as a digital country and at the forefront of digital innovation: all right, but at the same time I believe that a country should not aim to be identified with one simple characteristic. A variety of possibilities and identities is better than a single definition ». Meelis Friedenthal is not the Estonian writer who would expect to find himself in front of those who know the Baltic country just as the media tell it.
Forget e-government and digital citizenship, Before becoming a writer, Friedenthal completed a doctorate in theology at the University of Tartu: theme of his research is the “Moral treatment of the eye”, Petrus of Limoges' thirteenth-century moral-allegorical writing preserved in the Tallinn archives. «That text is, one side, support for preaching, but at the same time it offers allegorical interpretations that draw on the most avant-garde knowledge in the field of optics and ophthalmology of the time ".
Many of the ideas, images and discussions of that treatise entered "The bees”, his second novel, the only one we can read in Italian, translated by Daniele Monticelli for Hyperborea, in that 2013 he was awarded the prize for European Union literature. Before he published the science fiction novel "Kuldne aeg" (Golden age), on the role of history in shaping our identity; "Language of Angels" (The language of angels) it is his latest novel and a collection of short stories will be released in the fall.
"The bees" is a historical philosophical novel set in the seventeenth century that follows the events and speculations of the student Laurentius Hylas: the young man, fleeing Leiden, goes to study in Tartu, small center on the edge of the then Kingdom of Sweden and home to a university where the revolutionary ideas of Newton and Descartes are already circulating. Scientific theories and magical suggestions, philosophy, theology, alchemy and medicine flow seamlessly into each other: the narrator tells the protagonist's ailments and visions, whose dreamlike diseases make ghosts indistinguishable from reality, leaving his own figure always shrouded in shadow.

If not as a digital country, as Estonia would describe?
Recently I was asked to write a story for "La Lettura" of the "Corriere della Sera starting with the word that best described the country. I chose "delicate", but due to communication problems and a small accident the translator shifted the order of the words to obtain better readability and the story began with the word skin". In a sense it is interesting and perhaps even more intriguing.

What he meant by "delicate"?
I wanted to draw attention to the fact that Estonia is quite swampy, covered with green forests, soft moss, slow rivers, thousands of lakes. Everything else - be it people, villages or cities - it is built on these foundations. This makes Estonia quite different from mountainous or arid countries. Of course, latitude also plays its role: long, dark winters, summer when the sun sets with difficulty, this affects people and their character.
I do not mean that there is a "national character", but that the earth influences the people who inhabit it in the same way that a bicycle influences the rider. It gives you some advantages but at the same time requires some behavior: you have to keep your balance, you tend to avoid certain roads. The earth is our bicycle. In addition, Estonia is a borderland, this means that we have a complicated history, which is reflected in our current situation. In addition to the earth, I think history is extremely important for understanding a person or a country, that I am what I am because of history.

Being on the borders of Europe is more of an advantage or a risk?
The border regions are always found, in principle, in a situation where I am neither - nor. This makes the inhabitants like homeless people: they are not fully understood by either party, they live in an exhausting condition that requires constant balance. Estonian writer Jaan Kross started his book "Kolme katku vahel" (Between Three Plagues) with the scene of a tightrope walker walking on a tightrope above the city. It was supposed to symbolize the Estonian situation during the Soviet era, but in a way it still symbolizes our situation. Borders are also an important one locus theologicus, to use the language of Paul Tillich, because even as human beings we are always on the border, between life and death.

To a certain point of "Le api", the protagonist thinks about the ancient concept of hyperboreal union and Swedish nationalism. There is still a feeling of belonging that unites the countries of Northern Europe?
I spent last year in Germany, al Max-Weber-Kolleg. According to Max Weber's famous theory, the spirit of capitalism arose from the particular type of Protestantism prevalent in the countries of the North. In his opinion it was the reformed-Lutheran-pietistic mix that gave rise to frugality, to a rigorous work ethic, to a discipline. This theory has now fallen out of favor, but in fact there would be something to be said about the religious mentality and background.
If the different regions of Europe want to understand each other, they must take into account the different religions, of this type of background. It is quite crucial if a land is predominantly Catholic, reformed or Lutheran, not to mention the Orthodox. The churches are, for better or for worse, carriers and expression of tradition and inevitably bring with them a historical dimension.
But it is not only recent religious and political circumstances that should be taken into consideration, even the Roman Empire still influences - without our knowledge - thoughts and habits. For a long time, for example, all the important universities were located in the territory of the former Roman Empire, only during the 19th century did things begin to change. The Danube-Rhine line is still somewhat visible.

Malaysia: premier Mahathir, Government sensitive towards all religions

from Nova Agency – The Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad (in the picture) assured that his government Pakatan Harapan (PH) It will be sensitive towards all religions in the country. The Prime Minister today released the remarks after receiving a visit from a non-governmental, the Malaysian Consultative Council of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhism and Taoism. “This morning I received a courtesy visit by members of the Malaysian Consultative Council of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhism and Taoism in my office in Kuala Lumpur”, He wrote on his Facebook page. “Despite our differences, this country was more peaceful than other countries in terms of religious tolerance and racial harmony. This government will be very sensitive towards all religions and at the same time each of us must obey the rule of law”, added.